Gabriel Dumont is my Great, Great, Great, Great Step Uncle by marriage. He's not my blood relation. I found out that my Great Grandpa Patrice was born by Domitilde Desenenaux and not Adelaide Dumont, the second wife of Great, Great Grandpa Napoleon Lafournaise dit Laboucane. Domitilde died 4 years after Patrice's birth.
Great Grandpa Patrice was born in Duhamel, Alberta formerly known as the Laboucane Settlement in 1891. Settled by Francis Gabriel Dumont (cousin of Gabriel Dumont) and the four Laboucane Brothers. They were fleeing a small pox outbreak in Lac St. Anne (west of what is now Edmonton).
They were in La St. Anne after being forcibly removed by the governments of Canada and Westward English settlers via threat, violence, rape, murder and beatings. They were driven from their Saskatchewan lands and formerly their Red River White Horse Plains lands in Manitoba.
Fleeing the smallpox at St Anne, they travelled south east down Battle River and settled at a fork in the river. This was a good place to settle because they could ferry trade goods to and from the various fur trading posts and forts via the waterways. However, when the railroad was put through around the same time (1870's) it eliminated the economies of transport by waterways, and Red River cart drawn by oxen.
Around the same time the Buffalo were wiped out by a decree from on high. With the Buffalo removed the railroad would run smoother, the Indians and Metis would stay put, their lively hoods would be wiped out, pemmican, fur, meat trade would be devastated and the Indian and Metis would have to rely further on the Indian agent and the government. Who barely fulfilled their treaty promises of support.
I should mention that one of my Great, Great, Great Laboucane Uncles at the settlement became the regional Indian Agent. I can only hope he did his best to help those in need with what he had at his disposal.
To read more about the collapse of the Indian and Metis economies read Metis Scholar, Jesse Thistle's succinct essay on the subject here:
(Below is Great Grandpa Patrice's Baptism certificate.)
|Gabriel Dumont, Metis Leader|